Indigestion is a common condition and most often it is not an illnesson its own but rather a result of an underlying illness. No matter what the cause, indigestion can be quite a discomfort and at times, disrupt our normal routine. This section offers a wide range of options for relief from indigestion to help you feel normal again. Signs you may be suffering from indigestion Causes Treatment Prevention

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Page updated 06/04/18 12:47:36 p.m.

Signs you may be suffering from indigestion

The most common signs include: belching, heartburn, bloating and nausea, acid reflux, abdominal pain, acid taste in the mouth, growling stomach discomfort, constipation or diarrhea and decreased appetite.

What causes indigestion?

The causes of indigestion can be categorised into 3 parts: underlying disease, medication and lifestyle.

Underlying Diseases

According to, the following illnesses can be associated with indigestion: Ulcers, GERD, stomach cancer, gastroparesis (a condition where the stomach doesn't empty properly, a common condition among people with diabetes), stomach infections, irritable bowel syndrome, pancreatitis (an inflamed pancreas), and thyroid disease.


According to, the following medication can lead to indigestion:
Aspirin and many other painkillers such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs); steroids such as prednisone, methylprednisolone [Medrol, Medrol Dosepak], and Decadron; estrogen and oral contraceptives; antibiotics (such as erythromycin and tetracycline); thyroid medication; blood pressure medication; cholesterol medications (statin drugs); and pain medications (codeine and other narcotics)
Lifestyle suggests that the following lifestyle conditions can lead to indigestion: Eating too much, eating too fast; eating fatty, greasy or spicy foods; excessive alcohol intake; smoking; stress, fatigue and anxiety; caffeine; and moderate to intense exercise immediately after eating.

What are the treatment options?

Depending on what the main cause of your indigestion is, a corresponding treatment is also necessary.

Treating the underlying condition is necessary to help ease the discomfort associated with indigestion. Proper medication will be prescribed by your healthcare professional to deal with the specific condition.

If the cause is medication, it is best to inform your healthcare practitioner so a replacement can be prescribed. It is also wise to avoid taking over the counter pain killers as this often cause indigestion.

For lifestyle causing indigestion, simply changing your lifestyle pertaining to the specific cause can definitely help.

How to prevent?

  1. More often than not, prevention is better than cure.  By preventing the cause of indigestion, treatment may no longer be required.  Here are some useful tips from
  2. Do not chew with your mouth open, talk while chewing, or eat quickly. This causes you to swallow air, which can aggravate indigestion.
  3. Chew food completely and eat slowly.
  4. Drink fluids after meals, rather than during.
  5. Avoid late-night eating.
  6. Avoid spicy, greasy foods.
  7. Quit smoking.
  8. Avoid alcoholic beverages.
  9. Avoid caffeine.
  10. Wait at least one hour after eating to exercise.
  11. Always take aspirin and NSAIDs with food.
  12. If you are lactose intolerant or allergic to a food, avoid the aggravating foods.
  13. Meditation may help if indigestion is caused by stress or anxiety.
Page updated 06/04/18 12:47:36 p.m.
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Just a friendly reminder: Any information presented on this site is of a general nature. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional health care specific to your circumstances.It is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. Always consult your doctor or a qualified health care professional if you have questions regarding a condition. Use as directed. If symptoms persist contact your health care professional. Customer reviews reflected on the site reflect the individual experiences and may not be typical. Individual results may vary.
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